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For parents of children with visual impairments

American Foundation for the Blind® | National Association of Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Life After High School: Preparing Your Child for What Comes Next

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Young adults have many options when it comes to life after high school. Depending on their abilities and interests, some of the possibilities are:

  • Moving directly into full-time or sheltered employment
  • Setting up a household, marrying, and starting a family
  • Going to a trade school or pursuing other training to learn specialized skills
  • Attending a community college
  • Continuing on to a four-year college or university to earn a bachelor's degree

Similarly, they have various choices about where to live, such as:

  • At home
  • In a dormitory or fraternity/sorority house
  • In a nearby apartment or house
  • In another town or state
  • In a group home

To help your child prepare for life as an independent adult, it's important that you expect her to be one. Have the same expectations for your teen who is visually impaired as you have for other teens. Begin preparing early, regardless of what your child plans to do after graduating from high school.

No matter what the plan for the future is, to the maximum extent possible, all young adults need:

  • To take care of their personal living needs such as hygiene, grooming, money management, meal preparation, and shopping. Once your daughter is out on her own, she'll have to do these things herself. It takes time and practice to master these skills. Throughout her school years, it will be important for you and your child's teacher of students with visual impairments to work on the skills she'll need to live independently. Your daughter may need to schedule extra time to learn these independent living skills and apply what she's learned in her day-to-day activities.

  • To have strong orientation and mobility (O&M) skills to be able to travel to the places they need and want to go. You won't always be available to provide transportation, so helping your child gain independence in this area is important. You can get some ideas on how to prepare your teenager for nondriving or low vision driving on this web site.

  • To have strong social skills in order to interact appropriately with others, whether at a job or in a classroom. Your teen needs to know how to express herself or advocate in a positive way for what she needs, make others feel at ease about her visual impairment, and make friends. She also needs to know how to build healthy relationships and protect herself from negative or unhealthy interactions with others.

  • To use technology to complete many everyday tasks, such as using a computer to word process reports or letters and search the Internet, using an ATM (automatic teller machine), or operating a digital recorder. New technology is constantly appearing on the market. Your daughter needs to have skills to evaluate what tools work best for her, learn to use those tools, know how to get technical help when something goes wrong with any of her equipment or devices, and have strategies in place to use in situations when technology that she may prefer isn't available.

As part of the transition process you may want to discuss these issues with the other members of your child's educational team. Here are some of the concerns you may also want to explore:

  • Postsecondary education and training: Should our daughter continue her academic education or decide to get some other kind of training right after high school? Does she have the skills needed to be successful in these programs?

  • Housing and living arrangements: Where will she live after high school? Does she have the daily living skills that she needs to live independently?

  • Transportation: How will she get around and travel independently to and from work or school? Can she safely travel in the community without assistance now?

  • Work experiences: Will she go to work directly after high school? If so, what kind of work will she do and what are the best ways to prepare for the job she wants?

  • Social relationships, recreation, and leisure: How can she prepare for a satisfying, rewarding, and happy social life as an adult? Does she have friends and participate in recreation and leisure activities now?

Seeking answers to these concerns can help you and your daughter begin moving toward the next stage of a productive life for her.

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